- /maltafer(i)yasnas/In equity pleading, the misjoinder of causes of action in a bill. The fault of improperly joining in one bill distinct and independent matters, and thereby confounding them; as, for example, the uniting in one bill of several matters perfectly distinct and unconnected against one defendant (more commonly called misjoinder of claims), or the demand of several matters of a distinct and independent nature against several defendants, in the same Essen v. Adams, 342 Mo. 1196, 119 S.W.2d 773, 777.This problem does not generally arise in the federal courts or in the majority of state courts, for Rule of Civil Procedure 8(e) permits pleading of inconsistent claims or defenses and Rule 18(a) permits liberal joinder of independent or alternative claims. Civil Rule 18 permits a party to join, either as independent or as alternate claims, as many claims, legal, equitable, or maritime, as he has against an opposing party.Legislation. The joining, in a single legislative act, of dissimilar and discordant subjects, which, by no fair intendment, can be considered as having a legitimate connection or relation to the subject of the act
Black's law dictionary. HENRY CAMPBELL BLACK, M. A.. 1990.